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Landmarks of Tompkins County

by John H. Selkreg, 1894; D. Mason & Co., Publisher


CONTENTS.
PART I.
TITLE PAGE.
PREFACE.
 
CHAPTER I.
The Local Tribe and their Absorption by the Cayugas-Route of Sullivan's Army on both Sides of Cayuga Lake-Indian Villages Destroyed-Their Location-Flight of Indians to Niagara-Their Destination after Sullivan's Victory-Cession of their Lands to the State 1
CHAPTER II.
Original Civil Divisions- Erection of Counties-Dates of the Creation of Counties in Western New York-Formation of Tompkins County-Original Towns and when Formed-Present Towns and Dates of Organization-Geographical Location of the County-Its Area and Population-Soil and Original Forest -Its Water Courses, Scenery and Water Falls thereon -Climate-Absence of Excessive Snow Fall-Absence of Fogs on Waters Flowing Northward 3
CHAPTER III.
The First White Men in what is now Tompkins County-The Last of the Local Indians-The March of Civilization-Arrival of the First Permanent Settlers -Trials and Perils of their Journey-The Route Taken-Locality of First Settlerneut-The Pioneers of Ithaca-Dates of Settlement in the Various Towns 10
CHAPTER IV.
The Work of the Pioneers-What was Accomplished prior to County Organization-Beginning of the New County Government-The Financial Panic of 1837-8-Its Effects in this County- Recuperation-The War Period-Prompt Action in Ithaca-Filling the Various Quotas of the County 14
CHAPTER V.
The Panics of 1857 and 1873-The University and its History and Influence on the Growth of Ithaca-Official List of Officers before and since Organization of County-Senators-Members of Assembly-County Clerks-Superintendents of Schools 22
CHAPTER VI.
Tompkins County Political Notes-Reminiscences of Important Campaigns-Vote of the County on prominent Officials from 1817 to the Present Time-Political Officials of the County, Past and Present 26
CHAPTER VII.
First Roads-How the Pioneers First Reached their Settlements-The Early Stages-Early Stage Drivers-The Cayuga Steamboat Company-Its Various Boats-Busy Scenes on the Lake-The Celebrated "Smoke Boat"-Modern Steamers and Yachts-The Sodus Canal-Other Canal Projects-The First Railroad-Some of its Peculiarities-Other Railroads 32
CHAPTER VIII.
First Newspaper in the County-Its Very Early Publication-Its History down to its Present Successor, the Ithaca journal-Opening of the Telegraph Line to Ithaca-The Ithaca Chronicle-The Democrat and its Predecessers -The Weekly Ithacan-Newspapers of Trumansburgh-Other Publications 43
CHAPTER IX.
History of Tompkins Agricultural Society-Its First Officers- Insignificance of Early Premiums Offered-Sales and Purchases of Property-History of the County Poor House-Statistics of its Present Condition-Masonic Societies in the County-Other Societies and Institutions 48
CHAPTER X.
Comparison of State Law with the Common Law-Evolution of the of Courts-The Court of Appeals-The Court of Chancery-The County Court-The Surrogate's Court-Justice's Court-District Attorney-Sheriffs-Court House-Judicial Officers-Personal Notes-Important Trials 53
CHAPTER XI.
Methods of Medical Study-Medical Societies Authorized-Tompkins County Medical Society-Dr. E. J. Morgan, sr.-The "Registration Law "-List of Registered Physicians 77
CHAPTER XII.
HISTORY OF THE TOWN AND VILLAGE OF ITHACA 93
CHAPTER XIII.
TOWN OF ULYSSES 205
CHAPTER XIV.
TOWN OF DRYDEN 244
CHAPTER XV.
TOWN OF CAROLINE 267
CHAPTER XVI.
TOWN OF DANBY 295
CHAPTER XVII.
TOWN OF NEWFIELD 303
CHAPTER XVIII.
TOWN OF GROTON 310
CHAPTER XIX.
TOWN OF LANSING 329
CHAPTER XX.
TOWN OF ENFIELD 349
HISTORY OF CORNELL UNIVERSITY
I.-Introduction 359
II.-The National Government and Higher Education.-The Land Grant Act, Establishing Colleges of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts 360
III.-Preliminary History: 1. The People's College-2. The New York State Agricultural College 384
IV.-The Charter of the University 398
V-The Management of the Land Grant.-Mr. Cornell's Services 413
VI. -Constitution of the University: 1. Plan of Organization. -2. The Military Department-3. Manual Labor-4. Coeducation-5. The Non-Resident Lecture System-6. The University Senate-7. Alumni Representation in the Board of Trustees 423
VIII.-The Relation of the University to the State: 1.Scholarships.-2.The Church 463
VIII.-The Opening of the University 474
IX.-The University as Established 504
X.-Student Life 512
XI-Languages: 1. The Classical and Oriental Languages-2. The and Romance Languages 540
XII.-Department of Philosophy 557
XIII.-Department of History and Political Science 564
XIV.-Mathematics and Physics 578
XV.-Natural Science 583
XVI.-Department of Agriculture 621
XVII.-Department of Architecture 637
XVII.-Department of Civil Engineering 639
XIX.-Department of Mechanic Arts 642
XX.-.Professional Schools 659
XXI-The Quarter-Centennial 667
Biographical Notes
BIOGRAPHICAL:
Ezra Cornell 672
Andrew D. White 677
Henry W. Sage 681
John McGraw 686
Goldwin Smith 687
William D. Wilson 688
Charles C. Shackford 690
Brief Personal Sketches 691
PART II.
BIOGRAPHICAL 1-72
PART III.
FAMILY SKETCHES 1-256
INDEXES.
PART 1 257-271
PART II 271
PART III 271-275
PORTRAITS 275

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